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Which gender has a higher chance of getting HIV?

HIV is a life-threatening viral infection that damages the immune system, making the patient vulnerable to various infections. It is a global health crisis, and around 38 million people are living with HIV worldwide. HIV can be transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing needles, and from mother to child during pregnancy and breastfeeding. However, many people are still confused about which gender is more vulnerable to acquire the HIV infection. In this blog post, we will discuss which gender has a higher chance of getting HIV.

Women are More Vulnerable to HIV

Biologically, women are more vulnerable to HIV than men. This is because they have a larger surface area of mucous membranes in the genital area, which allows the virus to enter more easily during sexual activity. Additionally, women’s genital tracts have a higher level of immune cells that are the main targets of HIV. This makes women more susceptible to HIV infection than men.

Moreover, women who have unprotected vaginal and anal sex with an infected male partner are more likely to contract HIV. According to a UNAIDS report, young women are twice as likely to be living with HIV than young men. This is due to several factors, including gender inequality, social and economic norms, and limited access to health care services.

Men who have Sex with Men

Men who engage in sexual activity with other men are also at a higher risk of contracting HIV. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), men who have sex with men account for the majority of new HIV diagnoses in the United States. In fact, the risk of HIV transmission is estimated to be 22 times higher among men who have sex with men than among heterosexual men.

This is due to the fact that the anal lining is thinner and more susceptible to tearing during sexual activity. This makes it easier for HIV to enter the bloodstream. Additionally, certain sexual practices, such as anal sex without a condom or the sharing of sex toys, can increase the risk of HIV transmission.


Although women and men who have sex with men are at a higher risk of contracting the HIV infection, anyone who engages in unprotected sex or shares needles is at risk of infection. However, there are several ways to prevent the transmission of HIV.

The most effective way to prevent HIV transmission is through the use of condoms during every sexual encounter. Additionally, HIV-positive individuals should take antiretroviral therapy (ART) to suppress the virus and reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to their partners.

Regular HIV testing is also important, as it can detect the virus in the early stages and allow for early treatment. HIV testing is also recommended before beginning a new sexual relationship.


In conclusion, women are more vulnerable to HIV than men due to biological factors. Additionally, men who engage in sexual activity with other men are at a higher risk of HIV infection. However, anyone who engages in unprotected sex or shares needles is at risk of infection. Therefore, it is important to take preventative measures such as using condoms and getting regular HIV testing to reduce the risk of infection.


What gender is more at risk for HIV?

In the United States, certain populations are more affected by HIV than others. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are the population most at risk for HIV infections. MSM accounted for approximately 68% of all new HIV diagnoses in the U.S. in 2020. This is a disproportionately high number considering that only about 2% of the U.S. population identified as gay or bisexual in the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) conducted in 2018.

Several factors contribute to the increased risk of HIV among MSM. First, gay and bisexual men are statistically more likely to have multiple sexual partners than heterosexual individuals. This increases their chances of coming into contact with HIV-infected individuals. Additionally, certain sexual practices that are more common among MSM, such as anal sex, carry a higher risk of HIV transmission than vaginal sex. When condoms are not used or when they break or slip, this risk increases even more.

Stigma and discrimination against the LGBTQ+ community can also contribute to higher rates of HIV among MSM. LGBT individuals may experience difficulties in accessing HIV testing and treatment services due to stigma, shame, and discrimination. This can lead to late diagnoses, missed opportunities for prevention, and increased illness and death among this population.

Women, particularly those who engage in heterosexual sex, are also at risk for HIV infection. In 2020, women represented 19% of all new HIV diagnoses in the U.S. Worldwide, young women are disproportionately affected by HIV. This is due to a wide range of factors such as gender inequality, poverty, and lack of access to healthcare and education. Additionally, women who experience intimate partner violence or who engage in sex work may be at higher risk for HIV.

While women are at risk for HIV infection, gay, bisexual, and other MSM remain the population most heavily affected by the virus in the United States. Reducing stigma and discrimination and increasing access to HIV testing, prevention, and treatment services are essential steps in addressing the ongoing HIV epidemic, particularly among populations that are disproportionately affected.

Is it harder to get HIV from a girl?

Vaginal sex, between a person with a penis and a person with a vagina, presents the risk of HIV infection. However, for a number of reasons, that risk is greater for women than it is for men.

One of the main reasons why it is harder for men to contract HIV from vaginal sex is because the virus is less concentrated in vaginal fluids than it is in semen. This means that men are exposed to less virus during sex when compared to women. Additionally, men may also have a lower overall susceptibility to the virus.

However, for women, the combination of biological, social and cultural factors makes them more vulnerable to HIV infection through vaginal sex. Women have a greater risk of HIV because their vaginal lining is more vulnerable to tearing during sex, allowing the virus to enter their bloodstream. In addition, women are often unable to negotiate condom use with their partners, leaving them at risk of infection.

Furthermore, many women are not empowered to exercise their sexual and reproductive rights, including their right to make informed decisions about sex. They often experience gender-based violence, coercion, and sexual abuse, which increase their risk of HIV infection. Social and cultural norms that prioritize male sexual desire over female reproductive health and rights also contribute to this risk.

Vaginal sex between a man and a woman does present a risk of HIV infection, but much of the difference in HIV risk is because of the difference in men’s and women’s bodies. Women are more vulnerable to HIV infection because of the increased likelihood of vaginal tearing during sex, a higher exposure to the virus, and being unable to negotiate condom use with their partners. These factors underscore the importance of comprehensive HIV prevention and treatment initiatives that address not only biological risk, but also social and cultural factors that increase vulnerability to HIV.