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When did homosexuality become legal in Australia?

Australia has come a long way in terms of LGBTQ+ rights. Today, it is considered to be one of the most LGBTQ+ friendly countries in the world. However, this wasn’t always the case. For a long time, homosexuality was considered a crime in Australia. It was only in recent years that Australia has started to embrace and recognize the rights of LGBTQ+ individuals. In this blog post, we will dive into when homosexuality became legal in Australia, the progress that has been made since then, and the challenges that still remain.

The Criminal Law (Sexual Offences) Amendment Act 1975

It wasn’t until the 1970s that the conversation around homosexuality started to gain momentum in Australia. In 1973, the New South Wales parliament established the Select Committee on Homosexualism and present day attitudes to it. This committee recommended that “homosexuality be decriminalized and their civil rights be protected on an equal basis with all citizens.”

Following this, the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences) Amendment Act 1975 was passed by the Australian federal government which made homosexual acts legal between consenting adults. However, this only applied to the Australian Capital Territory at first. The act was then later extended to Victoria in 1980.

The Difficulties in Legalizing Homosexuality

It’s important to note that legalizing homosexuality in Australia was not an easy feat. There was significant pushback from various groups who were opposed to the idea of legalizing same-sex relationships. Religious groups, in particular, were one of the biggest opponents of the movement.

In addition to this, there were several high-profile cases of homosexuality that were heavily publicized, which led to increased scrutiny and negative attitudes towards the LGBTQ+ community. For example, in the 1950s, the case of Dr. Duncan Main was widely publicized. Main was a respected doctor in Brisbane, who was convicted of homosexuality and sentenced to two years in prison. Following his release, he was stripped of his medical qualifications, and his life was essentially ruined.

The Progress Since the Legalization of Homosexuality

Since the legalization of homosexuality in Australia, there has been significant progress made in terms of LGBTQ+ rights. For example, in 2004, same-sex marriage was legalized in the Australian Capital Territory. However, this was subsequently overturned by the federal government.

It wasn’t until 2017 that same-sex marriage was officially legalized across Australia, following a national postal vote. This was a significant milestone for the LGBTQ+ community in Australia, and it was celebrated by many. In addition to this, there have been several other measures taken to protect and recognize the rights of the LGBTQ+ community. For example, anti-discrimination laws have been implemented in various states, and there have been significant efforts made towards public education and awareness around LGBTQ+ issues.

The Challenges that Remain

Despite the significant progress that has been made in Australia towards legalizing and recognizing homosexuality, there are still many challenges that remain. One of the biggest challenges is the issue of conversion therapy. Conversion therapy is a practice that attempts to change an individual’s sexual orientation or gender identity, and it is widely considered to be harmful and damaging.

Conversion therapy is still legal in some parts of Australia, which has led to significant outcry from the LGBTQ+ community and human rights organizations. There have been efforts made to ban conversion therapy across the country, but progress has been slow.

In addition to this, there are still many negative attitudes and societal stigma surrounding the LGBTQ+ community. This affects everything from healthcare to employment to the overall well-being of LGBTQ+ individuals. There is still much work to be done to eliminate these negative attitudes and to create a truly inclusive and welcoming society for all.


The legalization of homosexuality in Australia was a significant milestone for the LGBTQ+ community. However, it was only the beginning of a long and ongoing journey towards equality and recognition. While there have been many successes and progress made in recent years, there are still many challenges that remain. By continuing to push for change and social justice, we can create a better future for all individuals, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity.


What is the pride movement in Australia?

The pride movement, also known as the LGBTQ+ rights movement, in Australia has been a long-standing struggle for equality and acceptance. It began in the early 1970s with the formation of the Campaign Against Moral Persecution (CAMP) in Sydney. CAMP aimed to bring together homosexual individuals to provide them with social support and to fight for equal rights under the law.

Since then, the pride movement has grown and expanded across the country. In 1978, the first Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras was held, which marked a turning point in the movement, as it brought the issue to the forefront of public awareness. However, it was met with violence and police brutality. Since then, the Mardi Gras has become an annual celebration of the pride movement, with parades held across the country.

The pride movement has successfully advocated for several changes in the law, including the decriminalization of homosexuality in the 1980s and the introduction of anti-discrimination laws. Same-sex marriage was legalized in Australia in 2017, which was a significant milestone for the movement.

Despite these successes, the pride movement still faces challenges, particularly in relation to discrimination and violence against the LGBTQ+ community. However, organizations like CAMP and other LGBTQ+ support groups continue to provide support and advocacy, as the movement works towards achieving full equality and acceptance for all individuals regardless of their sexual orientation and gender identity in Australia.

Is there gender equality in New Zealand?

When it comes to the issue of gender equality, New Zealand has made significant progress over the years as a society. The country is known for being progressive, inclusive and forward thinking. The New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990 is a key piece of legislation that protects citizens from discrimination on the basis of sex, ensuring gender equality.

There are several indicators that suggest that gender equality is present in New Zealand. For instance, there are a large number of women occupying leadership positions in the public and private sector. According to recent statistics, women accounted for 46% of government board appointments, and over 30% of parliamentarians. This shows that women are actively participating in the major decision-making institutions of the country.

Furthermore, the nation is also making strides in the workplace with the implementation of policies and initiatives that support gender diversity and inclusion. The New Zealand government has implemented a range of policies which help women in the workforce, including increased parental leave, flexible work arrangements and provisions for equal pay. Additionally, laws have been put in place to tackle sexual harassment and other unwanted workplace behaviours.

Despite these progressions, there are still areas in which New Zealand can improve upon. Studies have shown that the gender pay gap still persist in many sectors of the workforce, with women earning less than men for the same work. This illustrates that gender equality still has a way to go in New Zealand.

New Zealand has taken steps to address gender equality and is considered to be one of the most progressive countries in the world. However, there are still some areas that require further development. While there is certainly still work to be done, New Zealand is a country that is making positive improvements in this area, indicating a brighter future for gender equality and inclusivity in the workplace.

What is the LGBT percentage in New Zealand?

The LGBT community refers to individuals who identify themselves as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. New Zealand is known for its diverse and inclusive culture, and the country recognizes the rights of members of the LGBT population. The question “What is the LGBT percentage in New Zealand?” has been of interest to many individuals and organizations over the years.

According to the most recent data, the LGBT population in New Zealand makes up 4.4% of the country’s total population. This data was obtained from the Household Economic Survey conducted in 2021. The survey’s results revealed that there are approximately 169,500 LGBT adults in New Zealand.

The survey’s methodology involved asking respondents to identify their sexual orientation and gender identity. The survey also included questions about respondents’ income, employment, and living arrangements. This data was collected by the New Zealand Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, and it is considered the most reliable source of information on the country’s LGBT population.

The survey’s results show that the LGBT community in New Zealand is diverse and includes people from various ethnic and cultural backgrounds. The community is also relatively young, with a higher proportion of younger adults identifying as LGBT.

New Zealand is known for its progressive laws and policies concerning the LGBT community. In 2013, the country became the first in the Asia-Pacific region to legalize same-sex marriage. The government has also enacted laws that protect the rights of LGBT individuals, including anti-discrimination laws and laws that allow for gender self-identification.

The LGBT percentage in New Zealand is 4.4%, which translates to approximately 169,500 LGBT adults in the country. This data was obtained from the Household Economic Survey 2021, and it shows that the LGBT community in New Zealand is diverse and includes individuals from various ethnic and cultural backgrounds. New Zealand is also known for its progressive laws and policies that protect the rights of LGBT individuals.