Skip to Content

What kind of food do horses eat?

Horses are magnificent creatures that have been domesticated for thousands of years. As herbivores, their diet is very different from that of humans and other animals. In this blog post, we’ll explore what kind of food horses eat, how to feed them properly, and the importance of a balanced diet in their overall health and well-being.

Types of Feed

There are several different types of feed that horses can consume, and each has its own benefits. The most common types of feed include hay, pasture grass, and grains.


Good-quality hay is the foundation of a horse’s diet. Horses are designed to eat roughage, and hay provides the fiber and nutrition they need to maintain good health. The type of hay will depend on several factors, including the horse’s age, activity level, and overall health. Timothy grass hay is a popular choice, but there are also other options, such as alfalfa, clover, and orchard grass.

Pasture Grass

Horses love to graze in fields of grass, and it can be an excellent source of nutrition for them. However, not all pastures are created equal, and it’s important to ensure that the grass is free of toxic plants and weeds. Additionally, horses should not be overgrazed in a field, as this can lead to nutrient depletion in the soil and a decrease in the quality of the grass.


Grains are often used to supplement a horse’s diet, but they should not be the primary source of nutrition. Common grains include oats, barley, and corn. While grains can provide energy and protein, they can also be high in starch, which can lead to digestive issues in horses. Grains should be used sparingly and only as needed based on the horse’s activity level and nutritional requirements.

Feeding Guidelines

Feeding horses is not an exact science, and it can be challenging to determine the right balance of hay, grass, and grain. However, there are some basic guidelines that can help ensure that a horse is getting the nutrition it needs.

Feed Based on Weight

The amount of feed a horse needs will depend on its weight. As a general rule, horses should consume around 2% of their body weight in feed per day. For example, a 1,000-pound horse would need to consume around 20 pounds of feed each day.

Split Feedings

Rather than feeding a horse one large meal per day, it’s better to split feedings into several smaller meals. This helps to keep the horse’s digestive system functioning properly and can prevent issues like colic.

Introduce New Feed Gradually

When introducing a new type of feed, it’s important to do so gradually. Horses have sensitive digestive systems, and sudden changes in their diet can lead to issues like diarrhea and colic. Start by introducing small amounts of the new feed over several days, gradually increasing the amount until the horse is consuming the desired portion.

Importance of a Balanced Diet

A balanced diet is essential for a horse’s overall health and well-being. In addition to providing the necessary nutrients to maintain healthy bodily functions, a balanced diet can also help prevent issues like laminitis, colic, and weight gain.


Protein is essential for healthy muscle development and repair. However, too much protein can be harmful and can cause issues like kidney damage. Horses need about 10-12% protein in their diet.


Carbohydrates provide energy and are an important part of a horse’s diet. However, too much can lead to issues like insulin resistance and weight gain. Horses need around 50-60% carbohydrates.


Fats are an excellent source of energy and can help improve coat condition and overall health. Horses need around 5-10% fat in their diet.

Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and minerals are essential for a horse’s overall health, and a diet that lacks essential vitamins and minerals can lead to serious health issues. While hay and pasture grass can provide some vitamins and minerals, it’s important to feed a balanced diet that includes additional supplements as needed.


In conclusion, horses are herbivores and require a balanced diet that includes hay, pasture grass, and supplements as needed. Feeding horses can be challenging, but by following basic guidelines and being mindful of the type and amount of feed given, horse owners can ensure that their animals maintain optimal health and well-being. Remember, a healthy diet is essential to a horse’s longevity and performance, so take care to provide the best possible nutrition for your equine companion.


What is horse favorite food?

Horses are herbivores and their primary diet consists of hay and grass. However, most horses have a sweet tooth and love a variety of fruits and vegetables as treats. One of the most popular foods for horses is apples. Apples are a great source of fiber and carbohydrates, and horses love their sweet taste and crunchy texture. Horses enjoy both red and green apples; however, make sure to cut them into small pieces, so the horse doesn’t choke.

Another favorite among horses is carrots. Just like apples, carrots are rich in fiber and are an excellent source of energy for horses. You can choose to feed them raw or cooked carrots. Carrots are perfect treats for training or rewarding your horse, and most horses will instantly recognize the rustling sound of a carrot bag.

In addition to apples and carrots, horses also enjoy other fruits such as bananas, grapes, strawberries, cantaloupes, and even watermelon. However, as with any treats, moderation is crucial. Too many fruits and sugary treats can lead to digestive issues and weight gain in horses.

Apart from fruits, horses also love certain vegetables like celery, pumpkin, and snow peas. Some horses even enjoy eating bread, but it’s essential to avoid feeding bread with raisins since they are toxic to horses.

Horses enjoy a variety of fruits and vegetables; however, they are particularly fond of apples and carrots. As a horse owner, it is crucial to ensure that you give treats to your horse in moderation and incorporate them as part of a balanced diet.

What do horses eat meat?

Horses, like most herbivores, have a digestive system that is designed to process plant matter. This makes sense when we look at their wild ancestors, who grazed in open fields, consuming grasses and other vegetation to survive. As domestication has changed the lives of horses from wild grazing creatures to working animals, the variety of feed available for horses has expanded through specially designed diets.

Despite the range of horse feed available, meat is not one of them. Horses, as a species, do not eat meat. While there have been recorded cases of horses consuming animals and animal products, they are far from the norm. The reasons for horses to eat meat can range from a nutritional deficiency to a mistaken identity of the food item as to tasting a treat.

It is important to note that horses have a naturally high metabolic rate for digesting fibre and lower metabolic rate for digesting proteins and fats. This means that a high protein/fat diet can result in many problems for the horse, such as colic, laminitis or metabolic disorders. For these reasons, commercial horse feed is dominated by fibrous ingredients such as hay and grass, with smaller amounts of grains and supplements added in to make up for any missing nutrients.

Horses do not eat meat. As herbivores, their digestive system is designed to process plant matter and not animal products. While there have been reports of horses consuming meat, this behavior is not the norm and can have negative health consequences. A carefully planned diet of predominantly fibrous plant matter is the best way to keep horses healthy and happy for the long term.

Why can’t humans eat horse meat?

Horse meat consumption has long been a taboo in many parts of the world, especially in the United States. There are several reasons why humans cannot eat horse meat, but one of the main reasons is related to food safety. The United States horse meat is deemed unfit for human consumption because of the uncontrolled administration of hundreds of dangerous drugs and other substances to horses before slaughter. Unlike cattle, pigs, and other livestock, horses in the U.S. are not raised for human consumption. Instead, they are mainly used for sports competitions, rodeos, and horse races. As such, they are often injected with a range of drugs and other substances that are not intended for human consumption.

The use of drugs and other substances in horses leads to a significant risk of harmful substances entering the human food chain through horse meat. Horses used in competitions, such as racehorses and dressage horses, are frequently given over-the-counter painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs such as phenylbutazone during their careers. These substances can lead to severe health problems in humans if consumed.

Furthermore, horses are not raised for human consumption in the United States, meaning that they are often not subject to the same rigorous veterinary checks and regulations as other livestock. This has led to concerns about the potential spread of diseases and infections from horses to humans through the consumption of horse meat.

Humans cannot eat horse meat due to serious food safety concerns. The uncontrolled administration of drugs and other substances to horses before slaughter makes their meat unsafe for human consumption. Additionally, horses are often not subject to the same rigorous veterinary checks and regulations as other livestock, leading to concerns about the potential spread of diseases and infections.