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What did President Johnson announce to the American people during his television address on March 31 1968 select two answers quizlet?

On March 31, 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson delivered a momentous address to the American people, in which he made two major announcements. These announcements would prove to be some of the most consequential of his entire presidency, and would have significant impacts on both the ongoing Vietnam War and Johnson’s own political career.

The first of these announcements was related to the war. At the time, the United States had been heavily involved in Vietnam for several years, and the conflict had become increasingly controversial and divisive back home. Earlier that year, in late January, the North Vietnamese had launched a massive and unexpected military offensive known as the Tet Offensive, which had shocked many Americans and raised serious doubts about the possibility of a successful outcome to the war.

In his March 31 address, Johnson sought to address some of these concerns and lay out a new strategy for the conflict. Perhaps most significantly, he announced that he would be limiting American bombing campaigns in North Vietnam, in the hopes of spurring peace negotiations that would bring the war to a close.

This announcement was a significant departure from Johnson’s previous approach to the war, which had relied heavily on bombing campaigns and other aggressive military tactics. By indicating a willingness to temper these approaches, Johnson was acknowledging the mounting opposition to the war and the need for a new course of action.

Of course, the specifics of Johnson’s new strategy would prove controversial in their own right, and many of his critics argued that the President had not gone far enough in deescalating the situation in Vietnam. However, there can be no doubt that Johnson’s announcement marked a turning point in the conflict, and set the stage for further discussions about a possible end to the war.

The second major announcement that Johnson made in his March 31 speech was equally significant, but in a different way. In a move that took many Americans by surprise, he announced that he would not be running for another term as President.

At the time, Johnson’s decision not to seek reelection was seen as a major shock, and many observers speculated as to his reasons for stepping down. Some suggested that he had grown tired of the stresses of the presidency, while others pointed to the pressure he was facing over the Vietnam War as a possible factor.

Regardless of his motivations, Johnson’s announcement had a profound impact on American politics. It set the stage for a tumultuous election year, in which several candidates vied for the presidency and the Democratic Party struggled to regroup in the wake of Johnson’s exit.

Ultimately, it would be Republican candidate Richard Nixon who would emerge victorious in the 1968 presidential election. And while Johnson’s decision not to run was not the sole factor that contributed to this outcome, it was certainly an important one.

All in all, then, Johnson’s March 31 address was a pivotal moment in American history. In a single speech, he announced major changes to the country’s approach to the Vietnam War and set the stage for a major shift in the nation’s political landscape. And while many questions remain about the wisdom of his decisions and the consequences they would have, there can be no doubt that Johnson’s speech marked a turning point in the history of the United States.


Which president started the Vietnam War?

The Vietnam War was a long and protracted conflict that took place in Southeast Asia from the mid-1950s until the mid-1970s. The war was triggered by the communist takeover of North Vietnam and the rise of anti-communist sentiment in the South, and it was ultimately fought between the communist-backed forces in the North and the US-backed government forces in the South.

The escalation of US involvement in the Vietnam War can primarily be attributed to the actions of President Lyndon B. Johnson. After inheriting the conflict from his predecessor, John F. Kennedy, Johnson made the decision to commit more troops and resources to the war effort. His goal was to prevent the spread of communism in Southeast Asia and maintain US credibility as a global power.

One of the key events that led to the escalation of the war was the Gulf of Tonkin Incident in August 1964. This incident involved an alleged attack on US warships by North Vietnamese forces, which led to the passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution by Congress. This resolution gave Johnson the authority to use military force in Vietnam without a formal declaration of war.

With the passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, Johnson authorized the deployment of tens of thousands of additional troops to Vietnam. By 1968, there were over half a million US troops in Vietnam, and the conflict had become increasingly unpopular with the American public.

Johnson’s decision to escalate the war was met with widespread criticism and protests from anti-war activists, who argued that the US had no business intervening in Vietnam. As the war dragged on and casualties mounted, Johnson’s approval ratings plummeted, and he ultimately decided not to seek reelection in 1968.

While the Vietnam War was a complex and multifaceted conflict, the decision to escalate the war and commit more troops and resources can largely be attributed to the actions of President Lyndon B. Johnson. His goal was to prevent the spread of communism in Southeast Asia and maintain US credibility as a global power, but his decision was met with intense criticism and ultimately contributed to his downfall.

What was passed by the US Congress that gave President Johnson the right to expand the war effort?

During the early 1960s, the United States became increasingly involved in the conflict in Vietnam, providing aid and military advisors to the South Vietnamese government as it faced off against the communist forces of the Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese Army. However, US involvement in the conflict escalated dramatically in the wake of the Gulf of Tonkin incident, which occurred on August 2, 1964, when North Vietnamese boats allegedly fired upon US Navy vessels in the Gulf of Tonkin.

In response to the incident, President Lyndon B. Johnson requested permission from Congress to take military action against North Vietnam. On August 7, 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizing the President to use military force to “repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression” in Vietnam.

The resolution was passed with overwhelming support from both Democrats and Republicans, with only two Senators voting against it. At the time, many members of Congress believed that the resolution was necessary to protect US interests and prevent the spread of communism in southeast Asia.

However, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution would later come under heavy criticism for giving the President unchecked power to escalate the conflict without any formal declaration of war from Congress. The resolution became the legal basis for much of the US military’s involvement in the Vietnam War, which would ultimately last for over a decade and result in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of civilians and military personnel.

What was the name of President Johnson’s plan to improve American society?

President Lyndon B. Johnson launched a domestic program in the United States in 1964 and 1965. This program was called The Great Society. The Great Society was a comprehensive set of social reforms and government programs aimed at improving the quality of life for Americans, especially those who were economically disadvantaged.

The Great Society encompassed a wide range of initiatives, from education to healthcare to civil rights. One of the most notable achievements of The Great Society was the establishment of Medicare and Medicaid, which provided government-funded healthcare to senior citizens and low-income families. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was also a key component of this program, as it helped to end racial segregation and discrimination in the United States.

Other notable programs launched under The Great Society included Head Start, which provided early childhood education and care to children from low-income families; the Environmental Protection Agency, which aimed to protect the environment and promote public health; and the National Endowment for the Arts, which supported artistic and cultural endeavors across the country.

The Great Society was an ambitious and far-reaching program that aimed to address some of the most pressing social issues of the day. While not all of its initiatives were successful, many of them had a lasting impact on American society and continue to shape public policy today.