Skip to Content

How do you play the Navajo shoe game?

The Navajo shoe game, known as “Késhjéé’”, is a traditional winter game played among the Navajo people. It is a popular game that has been played by generations of Navajo people and is often played during festive occasions. The rules of the Navajo shoe game are simple and do not require any expensive equipment or tools. The game can be played by people of all ages and is a fun way to bring the community together.

If you are curious about how to play the Navajo shoe game and want to learn more, keep reading!

What is the Navajo Shoe Game?

The Navajo shoe game is a guessing game usually played by two teams, but it can also be played by individuals. The game traditionally uses four moccasins or shoes, which are lined up in front of the players. One player will hide a small object, like a ball or rock, in one of the shoes, and the other player(s) will try to guess which shoe it is hidden in.

The game is often played during the winter months because it is a fun way to pass the time when the weather is too cold to be outside. It is widely believed that the Navajo shoe game has been played for centuries and was originally created to promote unity and community among the Navajo people.

How to Play the Navajo Shoe Game

Before you start playing the Navajo shoe game, you will need a few things:

– Four moccasins or shoes
– A small object to hide in one of the shoes (a ball or rock will work)
– A group of players (you can play with just two people or as many as you like)

Once you have all the equipment, follow these steps:

1. Divide into two teams (if playing with multiple players). If playing with only two players, one player will hide the object and the other will guess.

2. Decide which team will start the game.

3. The player who starts the game (or the only player in a two-player game) will take the small object and hide it inside one of the four moccasins or shoes, while the other team(s) look away.

4. Once the object has been hidden, the other team(s) will try to guess which moccasin or shoe the object is hidden in.

5. The guessing team(s) can use any means necessary to guess which shoe the object is hidden in, except for touching the shoes or moccasins. They can ask the other team questions, try to use their intuition or observation skills to guess.

6. Once a team has made a guess, the player who hid the object will show them if they are correct or incorrect. If they are correct, they will get a point and get to hide the object in the next round.

7. If the team guesses wrong, the other team will get a chance to guess. If they guess correctly, they get the point and get to hide the object next.

8. The game continues until a team reaches a predetermined amount of points, or until everyone is ready to stop playing.


The Navajo shoe game is a fun and easy game that can be played by anyone. It is a traditional Navajo game that has been passed down through generations and still remains popular today. The game promotes unity and community among people and is often played during the winter months. With just a few simple steps, you can gather with your friends and family and enjoy some fun and laughs playing the Navajo shoe game.


What is the purpose of the Navajo shoe game?

The Navajo shoe game is an ancient tradition played in Navajo communities during the cold winter months. The game is steeped in Navajo philosophy and serves multiple purposes within the community. One of the primary purposes of the shoe game is to strengthen communal bonds by bringing together members of the community to participate in a game of chance.

The shoe game is played between two teams, with each team consisting of four players. The players are split into two groups, with one group hiding an object, usually a pebble or a stick, in one of their shoes. The opposing team then has to guess which shoe the object is hidden in, with the team that successfully guesses the shoe winning a point. The game continues until one team reaches a predetermined number of points.

While the game itself is fun and exciting, it also serves a deeper purpose within Navajo culture. The shoe game is an opportunity to teach Navajo philosophy through song. The players and spectators sing songs while the game is being played, recounting stories of Navajo history and tradition. The songs often include teachings about the importance of respecting elders, the sacredness of the land, and the interconnectedness of all things.

The shoe game also serves as an opportunity for Navajo children to learn about their culture and language. Many Navajo children grow up in urban areas or attend schools that do not prioritize teaching Navajo language and culture. The shoe game provides an opportunity for children to learn Navajo words, songs, and traditions in a fun and engaging way.

The Navajo shoe game is a longstanding tradition that serves multiple purposes within the Navajo community. It strengthens communal bonds, teaches Navajo philosophy through song, and provides an opportunity for Navajo children to learn about their culture and language. The game is an important reminder of the rich history and tradition of the Navajo people.

Which game was played first by Native Americans?

Lacrosse is a game originated by Native Americans and was played first by the Haudenosaunee, or Iroquois people, around 1100 A.D. The game was not only a sport for them, but also a social event that brought communities together. The Haudenosaunee played lacrosse to settle disputes between tribes and to strengthen alliances between them.

Lacrosse was initially played on a field that was about a half-mile long, sometimes spanning across neighboring villages. The sport was played with two teams, each having 10 to 1,000 players, and the objective was to hit a ball made of animal hide through a goal using a long-handled stick. The stick, known as a crosse, was made of wood and could measure up to four feet in length.

The game was played with few rules, and players were allowed to use their sticks to hit the opponents’ bodies and sticks. The only protection players wore was a leather thong wrapped around their waist that served as a belt, and sometimes they used a wooden mask to protect their faces.

Lacrosse was introduced to Europeans in the mid-1600s, who then adapted the game and introduced new rules to make it less violent. The sport gained popularity in Canada and the United States in the 1800s, and it is now played worldwide. Today, it is a sanctioned sport in the Olympics.

Lacrosse, America’s oldest team sport, dates back to 1100 A.D. It has been played by Native Americans, particularly the Haudenosaunee people, and was initially a social event and a way to settle disputes. Today, although the game has evolved and is played with different rules, it still holds cultural significance for many indigenous communities.

What is the Navajo origin myth story?

The Navajo creation story, known as the Diné Bahane’, is a mythological narrative that tells the story of the creation of the world and the origin of the Navajo people. The Navajo people believe that this story was given to them by the Holy Beings or deities that created the universe and all things in it. The story is an essential part of the Navajo culture and serves as the foundation for their beliefs and practices.

The Navajo creation story begins with Darkness, and everything in the universe, including the Holy Beings, is contained in a small space. It is said that people have been created, destroyed, and reshaped many times before. The Holy Beings realize that it is time to make a new world and create the First World, or Black World, which was black and void of life. In this world, the Holy People developed language, customs, and culture.

The First World faced a series of natural disasters, resulting in leading the Holy Beings to create the Second World, also known as the Blue World. The Blue World was abundant in water, and all sorts of creatures, including various kinds of fish, birds, and animals.

The third world, the Yellow World, is created by the Holy People. Humans start to develop in this world, and it is in this world that the Holy People learn that life is cyclical and that all things have to come to an end. In this world, there were six directions as North, South, East, West, Above, and Below, and four colors as Blue, Yellow, White, and Black.

As the Third World faced a new set of chaos, the Holy People created the Fourth World, the world we live in today. The Holy People gathered at the center of the Fourth World and created the Navajo people with the help of Changing Woman, a deity who was responsible for the creation of the Navajo tribe. The Holy People then scattered the Navajo people throughout the southwestern region of the United States, and the Navajo people had to learn how to live in harmony with the world and their surroundings.

The Navajo creation story is a vital part of the Navajo culture, and the story helps people understand their origins and how they came to exist. From the beginning to the end, the story emphasizes the cycle of life and the importance of maintaining a balance between the spiritual and physical worlds. It is a timeless story that has shaped the beliefs and practices of the Navajo people for generations and continues to be an essential component of their culture today.

What is made first in the Navajo origin legend?

The Navajo origin legend is a traditional story that has been passed down for generations among the Navajo people. According to this legend, the First World of darkness (Nihodilhil) was the first creation. From this world, the Dine people emerged into the present world through a journey of emergence.

The First World was a dark and formless void that is said to have existed before time began. It had no sky or land, and it was devoid of any life. However, the Dine believed that within this darkness were four clouds that contained the elements of the First World. Over time, these clouds began to move towards the four corners of the world, and as they did so, they created the First World.

The creation of the First World was a complex process that involved the four clouds transforming the darkness into what we now recognize as the physical world. The first cloud, which contained the element of air, started to move towards the east and created the eastern quadrant. The second cloud, which contained the element of water, moved towards the south and created the southern quadrant. The third cloud, which contained the element of fire, moved towards the west and created the western quadrant, and finally, the fourth cloud, which contained the element of earth, moved towards the north and created the northern quadrant.

As each cloud moved towards its respective corner of the world, it created the elements that we associate with the physical world. For example, the cloud containing the element of water created the oceans, rivers, and lakes, while the cloud containing the element of fire created the sun, moon, and stars. As all four clouds reached their respective corners of the world, the First World was fully formed.

According to the Navajo origin legend, the First World was the first creation, which emerged from the dark and formless void that existed before time began. The creation of the First World was a complex process that involved the four clouds transforming the darkness into what we now recognize as the physical world. The elements of air, water, fire, and earth were created during this process, and they formed the basis of the physical world that we know today.

What is a flat shoe originally worn by the Native Americans?

Moccasins are a type of flat shoe that were originally worn by various Native American tribes. They are simple, plain shoes made out of various leathers such as deer, buffalo, or moose skin. The design of moccasins varied depending on the tribe and the purpose of the shoes, but they typically featured a soft sole and a close-fitting upper that wrapped around the foot.

Moccasins were not just limited to footwear, however. They were often used for various other purposes including as sleeping bags, pouches and even as hats. They were also adorned with various decorative elements like beadwork, quillwork, and embroidery to add style and symbolism.

Moccasins were an important part of Native American culture, and they played a vital role in the lives of the people who wore them. They were often used as a means of self-expression, to denote social status, or as a form of storytelling. For example, the intricate beadwork on moccasins often told a story about the wearer’s family or their experiences.

Today, moccasins are still worn by many people around the world because of their comfort and easy-to-wear design. Though they have evolved and are now made with modern materials, the traditional moccasin still remains an important piece of Native American history and culture.

What is the Native American game of chunky?

Chunkey, also known as chunky, chenco, tchung-kee, or the hoop and stick game, is a game of Native American origin that has been played for hundreds of years. This traditional game involves rolling disc-shaped stones across the ground and throwing spears at them in an attempt to land the spear as close to the stopped stone as possible. The game has cultural significance for many Native American tribes, and some view it as a way to connect with their ancestors and preserve their traditions.

The game is believed to have originated among the ancient Mississippian cultures of the southeastern United States, but it spread across the continent and was played by many indigenous tribes. It was played by both men and women, and it was often used as a way to resolve conflicts or settle disputes between different groups. In some cases, it was even used as a way to determine who would have the right to hunt or fish in a certain area.

The rules of chunkey are relatively simple. To start the game, a stone is rolled across the ground. Then, each player takes turns throwing spears at the stone, trying to get as close as possible without hitting it. The player who lands their spear closest to the stopped stone wins the round. The game can be played with any number of players, and rounds can continue until a predetermined score is reached.

In addition to being a fun and competitive game, chunkey also has cultural and spiritual significance for many Native American tribes. Some see it as a way to honor their ancestors and connect with their heritage. Others view it as a way to celebrate community and cooperation, as players must work together to create a safe and fair playing field.

Chunkey is an important and fascinating part of Native American culture. It is a game that has been played for centuries and continues to be enjoyed by people of all ages today. Whether you are interested in history, sports, or cultural traditions, chunkey is a game that is definitely worth learning more about.